Pronoun objects me,
you, him, her, it, us, them (direct)
to me, to you, to him, to her, to us, to them (indirect)
In English we put the pronoun object after the verb
e.g. I see her
She’s watching them
We are speaking to you
In French, all pronoun objects go before the verb, but after the person/subject.
e.g. Je la vois
Elle les regarde
Nous vous parlons
All the pronoun objects you will need appear in the table below, with their translation in English. If you have to use more
than one pronoun object in a phrase, they follow a certain order in French – the order of the columns in which they appear.
N.B. This rule applies to every tense, but remember that in the perfect tense it is the part of "avoir" that is the active verb,
so the pronoun object goes before the part of "avoir".
1 2 3 4
DIRECT/INDIRECT DIRECT INDIRECT
me me/to me
te you/to you
se himself/herself le him/it(m) lui to him/her y there/to it
to himself/herself la her/it (f) leur to them en of it/some
nous us/to us les them
vous you/to you
Je te les donne I give them to you
Elle me la vend She is selling it(f) to me
Nous leur en parlons We speak to them about it
Tu le lui expliques You explain it to her
Vous leur en parlez You speak to them about it
N.B. The pronoun objects follow the order of the columns. This applies to the perfect tense as well, but there they must go
before the part of "avoir". If the pronoun object is direct, then the past participle must agree with its number and gender.
(Add an "e" to make it feminine, "s" to make it (plural). This is called the PDO (preceding direct object).
e.g. Je te les ai donnés I gave them to you
Elle me l’a vendue She sold it(f) to me
Nous leur en avons parlé We spoke to them about it
Tu le lui as expliqué You explained it to her
Vous leur en avez parlé You spoke to them about it