Adjectives

 

Common adjectives such as big, small, new or old will go before the noun, but usually adjectives will go after the noun in French.

 

e.g.     C’est un grand bâtiment

            C’est un train rapide

 

All adjectives must "agree" with the noun they describe – if the noun is feminine and singular, the adjective must also be feminine and singular, or if the noun is plural, the adjective must be plural.

In a dictionary you will find the masculine singular form. Regular adjectives are made feminine by adding an "e", and plural by adding an "s".

 

e.g.      masc/sing             fem/sing             masc/pl             fem/pl

            grand                  grande                 grands               grandes

            petit                    petite                 petits                petites

 

Irregular adjectives must be learned separately

 

e.g. masc/sing     masc/sing(vowel/h)      fem/sing     masc/pl          fem/pl

      nouveau         nouvel                      nouvelle     nouveaux         nouvelles

          vieux          vieil                         vieille         vieux               vieilles

          beau           bel                         belle          beaux              belles

          gentil                     -       p;          gentille       gentils             gentilles

 

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